Angola. Despite Angola's growing oil wealth, poverty is
widespread, and the economic gaps have widened. About 70% of
Angolans are estimated to live on less than $ 2 a day, while
President Josť Eduardo dos Santo's daughter at the beginning
of the year was named Africa's richest woman.
In March it was reported that over 6 million people in
the region are at risk of serious food shortages, more than
1.8 million of them in Angola. Recurring droughts and floods
were the cause.
The authoritarian President dos Santos has been sitting
in his post since 1979, and both wealth and power accumulate
within his family. In June, the president's son was placed
as chairman of the state investment fund, which controls how
the oil recovery surplus is used.
Countryaah, Angola's rich oil magnates invest in the money-hungry
crisis economy of former colonial power Portugal, and the
Portuguese prosecutor investigated suspicions of corruption
and money laundering linked to Angola's elite during the
year. It upset President dos Santos, who suggested that
growing trade between the countries could be jeopardized.
The oil accounts for 95% of Angola's export income and
45% of GDP. During the year, the government decided to
increase the rate of oil exploration, and a project to
export liquefied gas was initiated.
GDP growth was estimated to be around 7% during the year.
The substandard electricity grid does not support the
expansion of industry and consumption, and the government
presented plans to invest $ 23 billion in improved
A regime protest in September was met by a large police
force and many were arrested. A youth movement had held
repeated protests since the Arab Spring of 2011, accusing
dos Santos of suppressing human rights and abusing and
wasting the country's oil revenues. A 17-year-old boy was
charged with insulting the president with his T-shirt, with
a text about dos Santos as "abominable dictator".
The human rights organization Human Rights Watch urged
the government to stop arrests and attacks on protesters and
journalists reporting on the protests. The UN Commissioner
for Human Rights criticized the regime for evicting people
from development land and for sexual abuse committed by
security personnel and border guards.