Argentina. In the congressional election on October 27,
the government coalition Segerfronten (FPV) retained its
position as a majority party in both chambers of Congress.
In the Senate they lost three seats but were still the
largest group, and in the House of Representatives they got
three new seats. As a result, the FPV failed to gain a
two-thirds majority that the coalition sought to change the
constitution and allow President Cristina Kirchner to be
re-elected a second time.
Countryaah, FPV won the most votes in twelve of the country's
provinces, ie. half of all the provinces. On the other hand,
the opposition won in five of the most important electoral
districts, such as Buenos Aires, Santa Fé, Córdoba and
Mendoza. Former Peronist Sergio Massa's new party The
renewal front received just over 12% of the vote in the
entire country but won 44% of the vote in Buenos Aires,
which was more than 10% more than the FPV.
Two events made their mark on the final phase of the
election campaign. On October 5, it was announced that
President Kirchner would undergo an operation and be away
from politics for a month. The deeply unpopular Vice
President Amado Boudou took over. Kirchner suffered from
health problems even before taking office as president and
speculation about whether she will be able to fulfill her
term of office until 2015 started.
The election campaign was temporarily suspended on August
6 when a gas explosion in the city of Rosario killed ten
people and injured another 60. President Kirchner
immediately announced two days of national grief following
A Truth Commission was appointed at the beginning of the
year to investigate the background of the bombing attack on
a Jewish association in 1994, when 85 people died. On May
29, the Special Investigator claimed that Iran, either
directly or through the Hezbollah movement, was behind the
attack, whereby relations between the countries deteriorated
Great attention was drawn to the March 13 election by
76-year-old Argentine Cardinal Jorge Mario Bergoglio to a
new pope named Francis. Bergoglio is a pronounced Peronist
but still had strained relationships with the party during
his time as bishop of Buenos Aires.
Argentina - Buenos Aires
Buenos Aires, capital of Argentina, on the southern shore of Río de la Plata;
13. 1 million residents (2010), with suburbs 14. 6 million residents. Buenos
Aires, one of the continent's largest cities, is located in the province of the
same name, the country's most populous (15. 4 million residents, 2010). The
principal place of the province since 1882 is La Plata, which took over the
administration since Buenos Aires in 1880 became Argentina's capital. Buenos
Aires is a federal district surrounded by 22 suburbs. Of Buenos Aires many
neighborhoods can be mentioned San Telmo in the city center, La Boca (Italian
language) and San Isidro (sports and recreation facilities).
During colonial times, architecture in Buenos Aires, as well as in Argentina
in general, was strongly influenced by European building art. In a
French-influenced Baroque style, the government building was built in 1874 after
drawings by Enrique (Henrik) Åberg. Modern Argentine architecture follows
international modernism and postmodernism and is primarily concentrated in
Buenos Aires. Notable buildings include Banco de Londres and America del sur
(1960–66) by Le Corbusier disciple Clorindo Testa, and the new TV house
Buenos Aires is the center of a growing administration and the country's
premier trade and industrial center as well as a hub in the communications
network. Most of Argentina's industry is around Buenos Aires. The food industry
is still the most important industry branch, with large slaughterhouses and
freezer and canning factories for meat and fish, but varied industries have
gradually gained importance. Significant products include textiles, metals,
paper, leather goods, rubber, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, machinery and cars.
Industrial growth now takes place mainly in the suburbs and in the surrounding
province, while the actual city is increasingly dominated by the service
One third of the country's total boat freight, and half of the international,
is via the port of Buenos Aires. The port is constantly threatened with sludge
again by sediment which, via Río de la Plata, comes from overworked areas around
the Bermejo River 1,800 km upstream. Dredging must be ongoing.
Buenos Aires was founded in 1536 by the Spanish Pedro de Mendoza under the
name Nuestra Señora Santa María del Buen Aire ('Our Lady the Holy Mary
of the Good Breeze'), abandoned as early as 1541, but founded anew in 1580 by
Juan de Garay. However, its development went very slowly during the 17th
century. In the 18th century, its transformation into an important port city
began. In 1776, Buenos Aires was elevated to the capital of the newly formed
Viceroy Río de la Plata and had more than 50,000 residents at the beginning of
the 19th century. On May 25, 1810, the fight for the liberation of the Viceroy
from Spanish supremacy began in Buenos Aires.
Until 1880, Buenos Aires was involved in various armed conflicts over the
city's position in Argentina. They were solved by the Buenos Aires being made
the capital of Argentina in 1880 and converted into a separate federal district.
By then, Buenos Aires was already in the midst of a hectic expansion period.
Argentina's large agricultural exports were the nerve of the city, and a massive
immigration from southern Europe fundamentally changed the character of Buenos
Aires. Broad avenues were built, and new neighborhoods emerged. In 1914, Buenos
Aires had more than 1. 5 million residents. The industry grew rapidly and thus
new social conflicts arose, which in the 1910s led to violent unrest.
During the interwar period, impressive skyscrapers were built, and Buenos
Aires' chaotic and rapid growth continued. In the 1960s, the city's core had
stabilized with a population of around 3 million, but expansion in the outer
areas continued. Poverty and exclusion in the outer areas has increased strongly
in recent years, and even parts of the previously so impressive city center are
decaying and slimming.