|In the ancient language, Asia means "sunrise." As the
largest continent on the earth in both area (reaches almost
one third of all its land area of our planet) and
population, Asia is located in the eastern hemisphere,
bounded to the east by the Pacific Ocean, to the south by
the Indian Ocean, to the north by the Arctic, and to the
west by the Mediterranean and Black Sea. As of 2019, Asia is
composed of 48 countries with a population of 4.0504
billion, accounting for 60.7% of the total world population.
Asia has an area of 44,000,000 square meters, contributing
to 29.4% of the world's land area.
Note that in an area
that is equivalent to a quarter of the Asian territory, 90%
of the peoples of the continent live, as in the plains,
especially those monsoon-irrigated, where large cities have
very high demographic densities. On the other hand,
two-fifths of the territory is practically uninhabited,
housing 3% or 4% of the total population, as in Mongolia,
the lowest population density on the planet.
The Asian continent has a very varied geographical
formation, including Middle East or Western Asia defined by
Countryaah. Thus we have Mount Everest, the highest point on
the planet, located on the China-Nepal border, while the
alluvial and coastal lowlands extend until they meet the
large plateau formations with very high mountain ranges, of
which the highest mountains. they are located in the
Himalayan mountain range. On the other hand, the Asian
relief is marked by its altimetric end contrasts, such as
the Himalayas, Pamir and Tibet, where the highest altitudes
of the globe are located and the highest depressions, such
as the Dead Sea. Finally, there are some of the highest
mountains in the world, the longest rivers, the largest
deserts, plains and plateaus, the thickest jungles and
Asian nations have diverse systems of government, such as
the communists in China and North Korea, the ruling monarchs
of the kingdoms of Saudi Arabia and Thailand, the sheikhs of
the Kingdom of Bahrain, the state of Qatar and the United
Arab Emirates, the countries such as Israel and Japan or the
sultanate of the nine Malay states.
People are vastly different in family trees, customary
practices or behaviors, languages, beliefs of religion. So
Chinese (the most widely spoken language in the world),
Arabic, Malay-Indonesian, Japanese and, in India, Hindi
-urdu and Bengali, are some of the many languages spoken
in Asia, while from the religious point of view it was the
cradle of the most important religions in the world: Judaism
and Christianity were founded in Palestine; Hinduism and
Buddhism began in India; and the Islamic Caliphate and other
Muslim states took over the Middle East from the seventh
Of the Asian population, we can say that it is made up of
yellow people, however, there are great physical, linguistic
and cultural distinctions between them. There are also other
ethnic trunks, such as black and white, prevalent in the
southeast of the continent (Middle East).
Colonization and Asian History
The term Asia would be a reference to one of the oceanic
nymphs, better known as Climene. Formerly, the term Asia
used to designate the present Asia Minor (Anatolia) which in
turn can be derived from Akkadian (w) aṣû (m), which means
"to rise", "to leave" with respect to sunrise. Its history,
however, can be understood as narrating the emergence of
East Asia, Southern Asia, and the Middle East.
Asian civilization began more than 4,000 years ago and
its people founded the oldest cities, as well as the
founders of all the world's most important religions.
Nevertheless, each of these regions developed a civilization
along fertile valleys of rivers, while the steppe was
inhabited by nomads on horseback, which from there reached
every part of the Asian continent.
However, the Caucasus, the Himalayas, the Karakum Desert,
and the Gobi Desert represented barriers that the steppe
riders hardly crossed. As a result, many ancient
civilizations were influenced by the famous Silk Road, which
linked China, India, the Middle East, and Europe.
In turn, the nations of Western Europe conquered
territories in Asia between the 16th and 19th
centuries. Thus, the major European powers seized parts of
Asia, such as British India, French Indochina and Macau and
Goa, which were under Portuguese authority.
After World War II (1939-1945), the Asian continent was
transformed into the center of the battles between countries
that adopt communism as a government apparatus and countries
that use capitalism as an economic precept.