Burkina Faso. According to
Countryaah, the International Court of Justice in The
Hague (ICJ) decided in April an old border dispute between
Burkina Faso and Niger. In 2010, the countries had turned to
the court to resolve the conflict that had existed since
1927, when both countries were under French colonial rule.
Burkina Faso and Nigeri had previously tried to resolve the
conflict themselves without results. The ICJ adjusted the
limit in some places, and the governments of both countries
were satisfied with the outcome which they thought was fair.
According to the governments, the border demarcation is
important for the patrol of the security forces and for tax
collection. In addition, metals are extracted in the border
area and gold has been found.
Thousands of people demonstrated on some occasions in
June and July against the government's plans to establish a
new Senate. The former upper house was abolished in 2002 and
Parliament now consists of a chamber, the National Assembly.
In May, the National Assembly approved the establishment of
a new Senate, and in July 39 local representatives were
elected to the new Senate, which will consist of 89 members.
29 of the members are to appoint President Blaise Compaoré
himself. Opposition leaders fear that Compaore's purpose
with the Senate is to retain power. They believe he will use
the Senate to repeal the new constitution, which will only
allow a president to sit for two terms. Compaoré, who has
ruled the country since 1987, is not entitled to stand in
the 2015 presidential election.
The protesters are also critical of the costs involved in
setting up a Senate. The president himself has not said
anything about his plans, but the government claimed that
the upper house will not burden the state budget and that it
will strengthen democracy in the country.
Demonstrations against the Senate were held both in the
capital Ouagadougou and in other locations. In July,
thousands of workers also demonstrated around the country at
higher prices for basic commodities such as rice and sugar.
Prime Minister Luc Adolph Tiao promised that the government
would start talks with the unions about the increased cost