Chad. In January, a new Prime Minister, Djimrangar
Dadnadji was appointed. He had previous experience as
Minister and had also been Chief of Staff with President
Idriss Déby Itno.
At the beginning of the year, Chad entered the conflict
in West African Mali, where the government sought help to
fight Islamist rebels who have taken control of the northern
part of the country. Chad's army is in the habit of fighting
against rebels at home, and about 2,000 Chadian soldiers
participated in the French-led alliance in Mali.
Countryaah, about 30 Chadian victims were required in the fighting,
more than for any other country participating in the war.
President Idriss Déby Itno stated in March that Chadian
forces have killed two Islamist rebel leaders, one of them
Abdelhamid Abou Zeid. He was a second man in al-Qaeda in
North Africa and is notorious for being the most violent
commander in the region. Abou Zeid was charged, among other
things. for killing a British and a kidnapped German.
When part of the army was in Mali, the situation in Chad
was exploited by the rebel movement Resistance Force Union (UFR),
which in March announced that it would resume fighting
against the army. According to UFR, the government in Chad
had not kept its promise of negotiations from three years
In May, firefighting was reported from the outskirts of
the capital N'Djamena, where fatalities must have been
claimed. The government also claimed that a coup attempt had
been dropped, and two generals and two politicians were
reported to have been arrested. The arrests were
controversial, and the government's own parliamentarians
later demanded a vote of no confidence in Prime Minister
Dadnadji. He left office in November, and the new prime
minister was named entrepreneur and economist Kalzeubet
Pahimi Deubet, who was also a former minister.
In May, former President Hissène Habré's police and
security chief, who was charged with torture and murder of
hundreds of opposition activists in the 1980s, was arrested.
In June, Hissène Habré himself was also arrested in Senegal,
where he has moved and been in house arrest since 2005.
Senegal had been ordered by the UN Criminal Tribunal to
bring Habré to justice.
In July, 70-year-old Hissène Habré was charged with war
crimes, crimes against humanity and torture. He is
considered responsible for cruel torture and the killing of
tens of thousands of his political opponents in Chad in
1982–90. Assessors saw the prosecution as a milestone for
African justice. It was the first time an African leader had
been charged in another African country for crimes against
A Chinese oil company, CNPC, was ordered in August to
stop its oil exploration in southern Chad due to
environmental offenses. According to the Minister of Oil,
the company had dug the ditch where the oil was allowed to
flow, and then local workers without protective equipment
had to remove it.
In September, a 10-fold increase in the number of malaria
cases was reported in the Salamat region in the southeast in
a short time. More than 80% of patients seeking care had
malaria, according to Doctors Without Borders. A quarter of
all deaths in Chad are due to malaria, and the disease is
said to be the most common cause of child mortality in the
Chad was elected for the first time in October as a
member of the UN Security Council.
Chadian soldiers of the African Union peacekeeping force
in the Central African Republic were killed in December in
violation of other parts of the peacekeeping force. Chadians
were accused of partying with the Muslim militia that
overthrew the country's government, and thousands of
Chadians had to be evacuated to their homeland.