El Salvador. The ceasefire between El Salvador's largest
crime leagues, M18 and Mara Salvatrucha, which was closed in
March 2012, seemed largely to hold during the year. For
example, the number of homicides in the country fell by 18%.
However, a certain increase in the violence was noted in
July and August, and Justice Minister Ricardo Perdomo
attributed it to purges in the gang, among other things.
within M18 where a faction did not accept the cease-fire. In
September, police conducted a raid on the league in the
capital San Salvador and some of its suburbs, leading to the
arrest of 90 people.
Countryaah, Venezuela's new president Nicolás Maduro in March accused
El Salvador's right-wing opposition party ARENA (Alianza
Republicana Nacionalista) of being involved in a murder plot
against him. Similar accusations had been made by him
before, i.a. against a couple of US diplomats, but El
Salvador President Mauricio Funes said he considered Maduro
to be a credible person and that it could thus lie somewhat
in the allegations. Representatives of ARENA, in turn,
argued that there were simply lies on Maduro's side to
bolster his opinion in Venezuela, and that Funes had his own
domestic policy goals and used Maduro's statement to
discredit ARENA for the March 2014 elections.
El Salvador - San Salvador
San Salvador, capital of El Salvador; 561,400 residents (2012), including
suburbs 2 million residents. San Salvador, located on the San Salvador volcano
about 60 km from the Pacific coast, is an industrial, financial and commercial
center with several universities. The city has road links with neighboring
countries and Pacific ports as well as the international airport, Comalapa.
San Salvador, founded in the 1520s by Pedro de Alvarado, became the capital
of the Central American Union in 1834 and in 1839 in El Salvador. The city was
hit by severe earthquakes in 1854, 1873, 1917 and 1919. Throughout the 1980s,
San Salvador was characterized by the civil war that reached the central parts
of the city in the late 1989-90. After the end of the war in 1992, San Salvador
has been hit by sharply increasing crime.