Marshall Islands. According to
Countryaah, severe drought caused the authorities
in the Marshall Islands to impose disaster conditions on the
northern islands and atolls in April. It rains less in the
north than in the other parts of the island nation, and lack
of rain causes the drinking water to run out as about 90% of
the fresh water in the country comes from rain. In addition
to lowering freshwater reserves, salt levels in the water
taken from wells increased.
The US State Department warned in June that the Marshall
Islands have become a target for sex trafficking and put the
country on an international watch list. According to the US
Foreign Ministry's report, the country had become a target
for women from East Asia who are subjected to trafficking.
The United States said that the Marshall Islands government
had done nothing to prevent trafficking or to help victims,
and now called on the government to take action. The
Marshall Islands government responded a few days later that
the US data was "completely baseless".
In early September, leaders of 14 Pacific countries met
at Majuro Atoll in the Marshall Islands to discuss climate
issues. The country's representatives signed the Majuro
Declaration, taking on leadership on climate issues, but
also demanding urgent action by the rest of the world to
reduce greenhouse gas emissions and slow down climate
At the end of the month, Marshall Islands President
Christopher Loeak presented the Mayor Declaration, also
signed by Australia and New Zealand, to UN Secretary-General
Ban Ki Moon. The Pacific nations want to get an
international legally binding climate agreement through the
UN until 2015. They have also previously, in vain, demanded
binding climate agreement.