Moldova. The year was marked by both domestic and foreign
power struggles, where the government fell and Moldova's
path to the EU was challenged by the Russian Federation.
Countryaah, the government was shaken in January by a scandal when a
small anti-corruption party accused the country's prosecutor
of being involved in the shooting death of a businessman in
connection with hunting. According to the Prosecutor's
Office, a judge was the main suspect in the investigation,
but at the request of Prime Minister Vlad Filat, the
prosecutor left his post during the investigation. This was
later released during the year by the court from the
In the wake of the scandal, Filat accused his coalition
partners of the Democratic Party and the Liberal Party of
corruption, and his own Liberal Democratic party withdrew
from government cooperation. In a distrustful vote in
parliament in March, the coalition was voted off, but
President Nicolae Timofti urged Filat to try to form a new
government. Filat's appointment was rejected by the
Constitutional Court, and the president appointed outgoing
Foreign Minister Iurie Leancă as acting prime minister.
President Timofti himself was in crisis when information
was published that he, as a judge in Soviet times, had sent
a famous Moldovan nationalist dissident to the psychiatric
clinic. However, the demands of the president's resignation
came when he acknowledged his mistake and asked the
dissident's family for forgiveness. Moldova has not done
away with Soviet repression, because the Communist Party has
ruled for a long time even after the country's independence.
In May, Parliament approved Iurie Leancă as the new head
of government. In doing so, the president failed to announce
new elections, which would probably have given the
Communists in opposition success. The Leancă government
retained most of the Filat coalition ministers.
The conflict with the Transnistrian breakaway republic
was heated during the year. In May, Moldova introduced
passport control at the border, and in June Transnistria
issued a border marking decree, which included areas
controlled by Moldova. The Moldovan government responded by
declaring that Moldova was prepared to defend its borders.
The EU and the European Cooperation Organization OSCE
appealed for constructive management of the conflict.
Moldova negotiated with the EU an association and free
trade agreement, which it was hoped to sign at the EU summit
in Vilnius in November. This brought pressure from the
Russian Federation, which wanted to impede Moldova's
approach to the EU. Prior to a visit to Moldova in
September, the Russian Federation's Deputy Prime Minister
Dmitry Rogozin suggested that an agreement with the EU could
make it difficult for Moldova in terms of trade, guest
workers and attempts to resolve the Transnistrian conflict.
There were also hints of high gas prices ahead of winter, a
threat that is noticeable in the poor country.
Moldovan President Timofti replied that the country stuck
to its decision to approach the EU. The Russian Federation
then stopped its large imports of wine from Moldova, a
significant economic breach for Europe's poorest country.
The European Commission proposed that the EU should be fully
opened to imports of Moldovan wine, while pointing to
Moldova's political shortcomings and urging the reform of
the Constitution and the judiciary as well as the fight
against corruption. At the EU's request, in October,
Parliament repealed a law prohibiting information on
homosexuality to minors.
In November, a demonstration was held in the capital
Chişinău with tens of thousands of participants in support
of Moldova's plan for EU agreements. Like a response from
Brussels, the European Commission's proposal came to lift
the visa requirement for Moldovan citizens to the EU.
At the EU summit in Vilnius in November, Moldova signed
an agreement, which opened for the signing of an association
agreement with the EU in 2014. The agreement with the EU led
to the outbreak of the Transnistrian republic to Russian
In December, the Constitutional Court ruled an old
language dispute by stating that the Moldavian language
should be called Romanian. Several linguists see Moldavian
and Romanian almost as a language with small differences.