Morocco. During the year, Morocco felt increasingly
trapped between migrants from other African countries who
wanted to move on to Europe and, on the other, Spain and
other EU countries' demands for refugees to be stopped.
Countryaah, the EU has paid Morocco tens of millions of euros for stricter
border controls and Morocco has progressed hard, including
by deporting migrants back across the border to, for
example, Algeria. Many of the migrants tried to enter the
two Spanish enclaves Ceuta and Melilla on the Moroccan
coast. In September, about 100 people managed to get through
the fence to Melilla.
In June, the human rights organization Human Rights Watch
criticized Moroccan courts for the fact that acknowledgments
and other information forced under torture often formed the
basis for convictions. Other types of false evidence were
also used in trials against democracy activists and
terrorist suspects, the organization reported, which was
also critical of civilians, such as Western Saharians, being
sentenced in military courts.
The secular middle party Istiqlal jumped on July 9 by the
government coalition and left the Islamic Justice and
Development Party (PJD) to rule in a minority. The
government crisis stemmed from the fact that PJD wanted to
cut government subsidies on basic commodities in order to
live up to the demands of the International Monetary Fund
(IMF) on reducing the budget deficit. Since 2011, the
government had raised wages, pensions and subsidies to
prevent popular dissatisfaction and revolts in the style of
the Arab Spring in neighboring countries.