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Yearbook 2013

Morocco. During the year, Morocco felt increasingly trapped between migrants from other African countries who wanted to move on to Europe and, on the other, Spain and other EU countries' demands for refugees to be stopped. According to Countryaah, the EU has paid Morocco tens of millions of euros for stricter border controls and Morocco has progressed hard, including by deporting migrants back across the border to, for example, Algeria. Many of the migrants tried to enter the two Spanish enclaves Ceuta and Melilla on the Moroccan coast. In September, about 100 people managed to get through the fence to Melilla.

2013 Morocco

In June, the human rights organization Human Rights Watch criticized Moroccan courts for the fact that acknowledgments and other information forced under torture often formed the basis for convictions. Other types of false evidence were also used in trials against democracy activists and terrorist suspects, the organization reported, which was also critical of civilians, such as Western Saharians, being sentenced in military courts.

The secular middle party Istiqlal jumped on July 9 by the government coalition and left the Islamic Justice and Development Party (PJD) to rule in a minority. The government crisis stemmed from the fact that PJD wanted to cut government subsidies on basic commodities in order to live up to the demands of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) on reducing the budget deficit. Since 2011, the government had raised wages, pensions and subsidies to prevent popular dissatisfaction and revolts in the style of the Arab Spring in neighboring countries.

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