Oman. According to
Countryaah, about 450 undocumented immigrants were arrested on
January 29 when the police made a broad strike against
migrants from different countries. According to official
figures, a total of 3,400 paperless people had been arrested
Oman's biggest English-language newspaper, The Week, was
forced to close on September 3 after the previous week
publishing an article about gay life in the country.
Homosexuality is illegal in Oman and subject to up to three
years in prison, but according to the article, the tolerance
for homosexuals is still high in Oman compared to
Ornithologists found in October a hitherto unknown owl
species in an inaccessible valley. Probably it is a relative
of the cat owl but with a different smile.
In July 2007, the government adopted a number of
initiatives aimed at strengthening women's participation in
the elections. The initiatives were to get women to stand
and vote at the October Consultative Assembly elections.
In February 2010, Oman introduced legislation that
allowed the creation of trade unions. There are 70 different
unions. However, strikes under any form and agreement remain
prohibited. 80% of skilled workers are from Pakistan,
Bangladesh, India, Sri Lanka or the Philippines.
Britain's Queen Elisabeth II visited the country in 2010
on the occasion of National Day.
In January 2011, the "Arab Spring" spread to Oman.
Demonstrations were conducted against the high cost of
living, unemployment, corruption and demanding the dismissal
of several of the country's ministers. After the Egyptian
dictator Mubarak was deposed in mid-February, Sultan Qaboos
sought to curb protests by addressing protesters on a number
of points: the minimum wage was raised, support for
unemployed was increased, a number of ministers were
dismissed, and at the same time the sultan promised to
create 50,000 new jobs. It did not stop the protests that
were developing violently. On February 27, a demonstrator
was killed and dozens injured as police opened fire on
thousands of protesters in Sohar. During March, the protests
spread, and the Sultan fired several ministers and amended
the constitution so that the Shura Council was given a
number of legislative powers. In October, there was a new
election for the Shura and for the first time the delegates
elected a chairman of the council. In parallel with limited
reforms, arrests and prosecution of oppositionists continued
in the country. At the same time, the country got along
withBahrain share in the $ 20 billion The US $ auxiliary
package Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) had designed to curb
the uprising against the Gulf dictatorships. The
dictatorship succeeded in curbing dissatisfaction through
increased public spending. In the following years, these
were 70% higher than in 2010.
In 2012, authorities began cracking down on Internet
users who criticized the government or the sultan. The first
ones went to court in September 2012 for coming up with
"cheeky and provocative" criticism of the government online.
Six users were sentenced to 12-18 months in prison and fined
about US $ 2,500 each. In total, 30 human rights activists
and system critics received prison sentences in 2012 and
were registered as prisoners of conscience. Neither the US
nor the EU criticizes the lack of democracy or the serious
human rights violations in the country. In addition, the
country is too important a market, and in terms of dealing
with prisoners and detainees, its methods are no different
from those used for example. US and UK apply.
Authorities use a variety of torture methods:
trial-execution, bullshit, head-butting, isolation, exposure
to extreme temperatures or constant noise, abuse and
humiliation. There was evidence that torture became more
widespread after the Arab Spring broke through in North
Africa in 2011. Freedom of speech is severely restricted in
the country. Protests are therefore often written on the
side of donkeys trampling around. Police officers cannot
maintain their dignity if they are to run around and catch
donkeys so they are allowed to go.
In August 2014, the authorities let the founder of the
Mowatin Citizen website, Mohammed Alfazari, disappear after
he entered a police station. In July 2015, Al Fazari went
into exile in the United Kingdom, seeking political asylum
after Oman's authorities for eight months had banned him
from leaving the country and confiscated his ID papers.