Tanzania. According to
Countryaah, there were concerns and violence with religious
signs throughout the year, both on the mainland and on the
island of Zanzibar. The island is dominated by Muslims, and
in February a Catholic priest was shot dead and a church
A series of acid attacks were also carried out on
Zanzibar which were believed to have religious motives.
Among other things, a few easily dressed British women, as
well as a Catholic priest, were affected. Police arrested 15
suspects who were said to have ties to al-Shabaab, the
Somali extremist Islamist movement.
In Dar es-Salaam, some 50 protesters were arrested at the
beginning of the year demanding the release of the disputed
leader of the Islamic Community movement, Sheikh Ponda Issa
Ponda. Some of the arrested were later sentenced to prison.
Ponda was arrested after being arrested in connection with
violence against Christian churches in Dar es-Salaam the
Ponda was tried and in May he was sentenced to one year
in prison for the attacks on the churches. However, the
verdict was conditional and applied to a milder charge point
than expected. All 50 defendants were acquitted on the more
serious charges. Later in the year, police tried to arrest
Ponda, who escaped with the help of his followers, but was
In the city of Arusha in the northeast, a bomb attack was
carried out against a crowded church in May, when at least
three people were killed and more than 50 injured. The
country's president described the attack as a terrorist act.
The explosion exploded when the newly built Catholic Church
was to be inaugurated, and among the participants in the
Mass were the Vatican's envoy and the Archbishop of Arusha.
Both escaped unharmed.
Several people were arrested as suspects after the act,
but some arrested from Arab countries were released and
declared tourists. A 20-year-old taxi driver was later
arrested on suspicion of murder and attempted murder.
UN human rights chief Navi Pillay condemned a series of
brutal attacks on albinos in Tanzania. The government was
invited to put an end to the killing and discrimination.
According to the UN, four attacks against albinos had been
documented in just over two weeks at the beginning of the
year. a young boy had been killed. Although more than 70
people are reported to have been killed in similar ways
since 2000, only five people have been convicted of the
In the town of Mtwara in southern Tanzania, there were
repeated demonstrations against the government's plans to
build 50 miles of gas pipeline from Mtwara to a new gas
power plant in Dar es-Salaam. The local population wants the
gas power plant to be built in Mtwara and electricity is
distributed from there to the rest of the country. In May,
the protests degenerated into violent riots, and as security
forces searched for those behind the riots, a pregnant woman
was shot dead.
Tanzania gained great interest during the year. In March,
China's newly appointed President Xi Jinping visited during
his tour of Africa. He noted that trade between China and
Africa had exceeded $ 200 billion in the past year. Xi and
Tanzanian President Jakaya Kikwete signed 16 different trade
agreements. regarding the improvement of Tanzania's
hospitals and ports.
In July, US President Barack Obama also brought his
family to Tanzania, as the last stop on an African trip.
When Obama laid a wreath on the victims of the 1998 bombing
of the US embassy in Dar es-Salaam, former President George
W. Bush also participated in the ceremony.
There was outrage among the media when the authorities
banned two government-critical Swahili-language newspapers
for 14 and 90 days, respectively. They had published
criticism of the president and advocated revolution.
According to the Tanzania Media Council, it was an attack on
freedom of speech. The year before, Tanzania had fallen from
place 34 to place 70 on an international index of press
freedom after two journalists were killed and state-owned
media accused of being biased to the ruling party.