Uganda. In February, Uganda, along with ten other
countries, signed an agreement not to interfere in the
conflict in Congo (Kinshasa), which borders on Uganda in the
west. However, several Ugandan rebel groups still remain in
the country and the Ugandan regime has been accused of
In July, the border town of Kamango in Congo (Kinshasa)
was attacked by the Ugandan guerrilla Allied Democratic
Forces (ADF), which left Uganda as early as the 1990s.
attack put thousands of people on the run and the guerrillas
also kidnapped some people, including a local leader from
In the spring, Uganda interrupted the search for rebel
leader Joseph Kony, who is now believed to have his base in
the neighboring Central African Republic because of the
troubled situation prevailing there. In November, unexpected
news emerged that the President of the Central African
Republic had made peace talks with Kony and his rebel group
and urged them to put down their weapons. Several assessors
expressed suspicion of the talks being the first since 2008,
when the Ugandan government tried to negotiate with Kony but
failed. According to a spokesman for the African Union,
there was much to indicate that the talks were a way for
Kony to "buy time" to move his rebels to other parts of the
Newspapers Daily Monitor and Red Pepper, as well as two
radio stations, were forced to close in May, after
publishing a letter containing sensitive information about
President Yoweri Museveni. The letter contained information
suggesting that Museveni had plans for his own son, Muhoozi
Kainerugaba, to take power from him in 2016 when the current
term expires. This is not the first time newspapers or radio
channels have been shut down in Uganda, where a large number
of journalists have been arrested and imprisoned since
Museveni came to power in 1986.
Further restrictions on freedom of expression were made
in August when Parliament passed a law criminalizing
political gatherings involving at least three people. The
law was introduced despite harsh criticism from, among
others, the opposition and religious leaders in the country.
In practice, the new law is expected to require police
permission if a small group of people wants to gather in
public to talk about politics, but even meetings that take
place in the home can be canceled by police.
Both domestic and outside critics warned that the law was
an attempt by Museveni to silence all conceivable opponents.
Representatives of the human rights organization Human
Rights Watch (HRW) said the law is "devastating" for freedom
of speech in Uganda.
In December, the country's parliament passed a law
providing life imprisonment for so-called homosexual acts.
The new law also prohibits "gay propaganda", which means
that both members and founders of LGBT organizations in
Uganda risk being arrested and sentenced to long prison