Countryaah, a national dialogue conference started on March 18
in the capital Sana and continued for the rest of the year.
The conference gathered under President Abd Rabbuh Mansur
al-Hadi's presidency 565 delegates from widely differing
groups - the General People's Congress (GPC), the Harak
movement demanding self-government for southern Yemen, the
Islamist al-Islah party, the Yemen's socialist party and the
Shi'ite Muslim al-Shuth northern Yemen.
The agenda was ambitious and included, among other
things. to set up a committee with the task of writing a new
constitution; to try to solve all regional problems; to
establish democracy by reforming the administration, the
justice system and local politics, and by strengthening the
protection of vulnerable groups and women. 60,000 soldiers
protected the delegates, but three aides to an al-Huthi
legate were still shot dead on March 23.
The fighting in various parts of the country continued.
The al-Qaeda jihadist movement in the Arabian Peninsula
(AQAP) killed several hundred government soldiers in various
attacks during the year. September 20 when at least 40
soldiers perished in several terrorist acts in the Shabu
Province. AQAP also assumed responsibility for an attack on
the Ministry of Defense in Sana on December 5 when 52 people
were killed, among them several from the health care staff
at a military hospital in the department area. The motive
was said to be that American unmanned drone aircraft had
been steered from control rooms in the department. The drone
plane, backed by Saudi combat aircraft and Yemeni government
forces, carried out a number of attacks on targets that were
said to belong to AQAP during the year. Human rights
organization Human Rights Watch reported that of six US
drone attacks that it studied, two had killed civilians,
The United States, the United Kingdom and several other
Western countries temporarily closed their embassies in Sana
on August 2, after the US government issued a security
alert, judging by threats from al-Qaeda. The US also closed
some 20 embassies in other countries.
According to reports, there were approximately 2 million
migrants in Yemen, most of them from eastern Africa and with
a view to Saudi Arabia. In November, tens of thousands of
migrants were forced into the area.