A great place for walking is Verkhnevolzhskaya embankment, which is one of the highest embankments in Russia. It offers a beautiful view of the Volga River and the surroundings of the city. There are several cafes and restaurants here. From the embankment up the high slope of the right bank of the Volga, a Chkalovskaya staircase. It was built in 1949 during restoration work after the Great Patriotic War. The staircase leads to the monument to Chkalov, then separating into two stairs, then converging again. Also on the Verkhnevolzhskaya embankment is the Historical and Architectural Museum-Reserve. It is located in the building of the mansion of the merchants Rukovishnikovs, which was built at the end of the 19th century. The Historical and Architectural Museum-Reserve is the largest in the entire Nizhny Novgorod region, its funds include more than 320 thousand items. There is an archaeological collection, an ethnographic collection, a collection of works of applied art, a collection of handwritten books and interesting documentary and photographic materials.
According to Countries Include, there are a lot of interesting museums in Nizhny Novgorod. The Kremlin itself with its Archangel Cathedral is a huge exhibition complex. The House of the Military Governor on the territory of the Kremlin houses the Nizhny Novgorod State Art Museum. This is the only museum of fine arts in the Nizhny Novgorod region, its collection includes about 12 thousand exhibits. Here are collected works of icon painters of the Middle Ages, classics of Western European art of the 15th-19th centuries, masters of the countries of the East, domestic masters of painting, graphics, sculpture, decorative and folk art and contemporary artists.
Be sure to visit museums dedicated to the life and work of the writer Maxim Gorky. Museum “Kashirin’s House” represents the young years of the writer. The wooden house once belonged to Gorky’s grandfather, it was here that little Alyosha Peshkov (the real name of the writer) spent his childhood. The museum exhibits authentic household items from the 19th century, some of which belonged to the Gorky family. The Gorky Museum-Apartment was opened in 1971 with the participation of the writer’s relatives. It was here that Gorky lived in the last years of his stay in Nizhny Novgorod. The exposition of the museum tells not only about the work of Gorky of that period, but also about the atmosphere of society in the early 20th century. Literary Museum of Maxim Gorky is full of photographs of Nizhny Novgorod at the beginning of the 20th century, which depict the streets, city squares, Nizhny Novgorod fairs, the Volga River, people, that is, everything that surrounded the writer and contributed to his inspiration.
In Nizhny Novgorod, there is the only museum in the country of the famous critic and publicist N.A. Dobrolyubov – State Literary and Memorial Museum of N.A. Dobrolyubov. The exposition of the museum exhibits the belongings of the Dobrolyubov family, his collection of books from the first half of the 19th century and materials telling about the activities of the critic in the Sovremennik magazine.
The history of shipping and shipbuilding is shown in the Museum of the River Fleet of the Volga State Academy of Water Transport. It was founded in 1921 and is now considered one of the best museums of its kind. The museum has historical documents, photographs of old ships, books, guides and ship models.
The Russian Museum of Photography is located in a building that is a monument of culture and history of the country, because the founder of artistic photography A.O. Karelin and the founder of journalistic photography M.P. Dmitriev. The museum’s funds include more than 120 thousand negatives, photographs and photographic equipment. Walking through the museum, you will see Nizhny Novgorod of the 19th and 20th centuries. In addition, tourists will be interested in the Museum of the History of GAZ OJSC with a unique collection of cars, which was collected during the most difficult search work.
The parks of Nizhny Novgorod are also suitable for recreation. The largest of them are Shchelokovsky Khutor, where an extensive forest park zone extends, Sormovsky, Avtozavodsky with a lake, Switzerland Park on the Oka River, where there is a zoo, and Dubki Park with unique oak alleys, where oak trees grow over 100 years old.
15 km south of Nizhny Novgorod is a place called Green City. This is a village that is located on the territory of a forest that served in the 13th century as the border of Russian lands. Green City is protected by the state as a natural monument, there are rest houses, sanatoriums and boarding houses. Sanatoriums of the Green City for treatment use mineral water “Gorkovskaya”, which is extracted from a local source. Water is characterized as low-mineralized sulfate calcium-sodium-magnesium.
North of Nizhny Novgorod is the Gorky Sea, which is also a center for medical and recreational recreation. The Gorky Sea is called the Gorky Reservoir on the Volga River. It is surrounded by coniferous forests, which create a favorable microclimate that has healing effects on the body. Many sanatoriums of the Gorky Sea have their own mud baths based on local peat deposits and wells with chloride-sodium-bromine mineral water.