Brazil Culture and Sports

Brazil Culture

According to educationvv, Brazil is the fifth largest country in the world and the largest in South America, of which it covers almost half of the surface. Located to the east of South America, it borders the Atlantic Ocean to the east, and with all the states of South America (except Chile and Ecuador) to the north, south and east.


The culture of Brazil is the result of the mixture of the traditions and customs of the three groups that shaped the current national identity: the native Amerindians, the Portuguese colonizers, and the African and European immigrants. The basis of Brazilian culture is derived from the Portuguese culture, because of its strong ties to the Portuguese colonial Empire. Among the Portuguese cultural heritage still present in the country are the Portuguese language, Roman Catholicism, and colonial architectural styles. [56]


Brazilian art developed in different styles that vary from baroque —the predominant style in Brazil before the beginning of the 19th century— [57] through romanticism, modernism, expressionism, cubism, surrealism to abstractionism. However, the earliest examples of art in Brazil are the cave paintings in the Sierra de Capivara National Park, dating back 15,000 years. [58] In 1922 the “Modern Art Week” was held in São Paulo, an event that marked the beginning of Brazilian modernism. Artists such as Anita Malfatti, Tarsila do Amaral, Emiliano Di Calvacanti, Vicente do Rego Monteiro, Victor Brecheret, Cândido Portinari and Oscar Niemeyer They were some of the main exponents of this movement, at the same time that they helped the development and promotion of the arts in Brazil.

Brazilian music encompasses various regional styles influenced by African, European, and Amerindian forms. Over time, national music developed in many different styles, including samba, popular Brazilian music, choro, sertanejo, brega, forró, frevo, maracatu, bossa nova, Brazilian rock, and axé. Many of the works by Brazilian composers have achieved international recognition, with Antônio Carlos Jobim, Heitor Villa-Lobos, Pixinguinha and Hermeto Pascoal being some of the best known musicians abroad. [59]

Brazilian literature arose from the literary activity encouraged by the Jesuits after the discovery of Brazil in the 16th century. [60] Although at the beginning it was quite linked to Portuguese literature, with the passage of time it was gaining independence and by the 19th century it was influenced by movements such as romanticism and realism. Brazilian literature reached its peak in 1922 with the Modern Art Week, which was characterized by the definitive break with the works of other countries, giving rise to the formation – from modernism and its first generations – of its own schools of art. truly freelance writers.

National holidays

Date Festivity Local name Notes [61]
January 1 New Year Universal Fraternization Beginning of the calendar year.
February March Carnival Carnival Popular festival that precedes Lent, celebrated annually on the Tuesday before Ash Wednesday. Although it is not a national holiday, in some states the Monday before the festival is not worked, thus forming the four days of carnival. [62]
March April Holy Friday Sexta-Feira Santa [63] Christian mobile holiday commemorating the death of Christ.
April, the 21st Braces Braces In homage to the martyr of the Mining Conspiracy.
May 1 Labor Day Day of the Worker In tribute to all workers.
May June Corpus Christi Corpus Christi Festivity of the Catholic Church in which the Sacrament of the Eucharist is commemorated. It is celebrated 60 days after Easter Sunday.
September 7th Independence Day Independence Proclamation of the Independence of the Portuguese Empire.
October 12[64] Day of Our Lady of the Aparecida Conception. Nossa Senhora Aparecida Celebration of the «Patroness of Brazil».
November 2 Commemoration of the Faithful Departed Terminated Day in memory of the dead.
November 15 Proclamation of the Republic. Proclamation of the Republic Anniversary of the transformation of the Empire into a Republic.
December 25th Christmas Native Traditional Christmas celebration.


Soccer is the most popular sport in Brazil. The football team has won five times the World Cup of FIFA in 1958, 1962, 1970, 1994 and 2002. [65] Basketball, futsal, volleyball, skateboarding, motor racing, and martial arts are also very popular in the country.

In martial arts, Brazilians have developed practices such as capoeira, [66] vale tudo, [67] and Brazilian jiu-jitsu. [68] In motorsports, three Brazilian drivers won the Formula 1 world championship eight times: Emerson Fittipaldi in 1972 and 1974; Nelson Piquet in 1981, 1983 and 1987 and Ayrton Senna in 1988, 1990 and 1991. [69] Brazil has organized several large-scale sporting events. It organized and hosted the 1950 Soccer World Cup, of which it was runner-up, and was chosen to host the 2014 edition. [70] The circuit located in São Paulo, the Autodromo José Carlos Pace, annually organizes the Brazilian Grand Prix. [71] São Paulo organized the Pan American Games in 1963 and Rio de Janeiro organized those in 2007, in which it came third below the United States and Cuba respectively. Similarly, the country was chosen to host the 2016 Olympic Games, which will be held in the city of Rio de Janeiro.

Brazil Culture