Comoros. According to Countryaah, about ten people were arrested in April accused of planning a coup attempt against the government. The arrests were preceded by some concern over coups since President Ikililou Dhoinine had fired allies to his predecessor Ahmed Abdallah Sambi, despite supporting him when he came to power in 2010. Among other things, Dhoinine had fired the army chief. As a result of the dismissals, Sambi had said that he had been excluded from the president’s inner circle and now belonged to the opposition.
The Comoros have experienced about 20 coups since independence in 1975. The government was very sorry for the incident, which was criticized by the opposition. Among the arrested were, according to media reports, the son of former President Ahmed Abdallah Abderemane, who was assassinated in 1989, as well as a former minister.
In July, President Dhoinine re-furnished the government and appointed six new ministers.
POPULATION AND ECONOMIC CONDITIONS
The demographic pressure in this small island state is very strong, and thanks to an annual growth rate of over 30%, the population has risen from 335. 100 pop. of the 1980 census to 658,000 residents estimated in 1998. This increase, unsustainable for the country’s weak economy, pushes a lot of manpower to emigrate to African (Tanzania and Mozambique) and European states and in any case creates substantial social tensions (see below: History). In fact, the way to independence (obtained in 1975) proved to be particularly difficult for Comoros, lacking food self-sufficiency and the infrastructures (road network, electrification) necessary to guarantee adequate economic development. The absence of mineral resources, the competition exerted by synthetic products against vanilla, the only real and important local crop, and the isolation (with the exception of small European tourist flows) have prevented the Comoros from emerging from their underdevelopment, and currently the only possible interventions are linked to active international solidarity, in particular French.
- According to AbbreviationFinder.org, Moroni is the capital city of Comoros. See acronyms and abbreviations related to this capital and other major cities within this country.
In chronic deficit is the trade balance due to exports which represent just 18 % of imports. Moreover, its performance depends on the fluctuation of prices on foreign markets and on the demand for some agricultural products, such as vanilla and cloves. The main trading partner is France, which in 1995 provided the 32, 2 % of imports and accounted for 36, 5 % of exports.