Ghana. In early January, John Mahama was installed as Ghana’s new president. As vice president, he had only taken over the presidency temporarily when his representative John Atta Mills died in July 2012. In December 2012, Mahama won the presidential election in the first round, but the opposition party NPP (New Patriotic Party) claimed that electoral fraud occurred and appealed the election result. When Mahama took office, the Supreme Court was still investigating the issue of electoral fraud. In August, the court decided to dismiss the appeal. According to Countryaah, the court ruled that Mahama was the rightful winner in the election with just under 51% of the vote against close to 48 for NPP candidate Nana Akufo-Addo. The latter said he would respect the Supreme Court’s decision.
In April, at least 16 people were killed when an abandoned gold mine collapsed in central Ghana. The mine must have been popular with illegal gold diggers. Ghana is one of the world’s largest gold producers. In June, the authorities arrested more than 100 people, most of them Chinese, who worked in mines and lacked a permit.
|Gross domestic product (GDP)||$ 134,000,000,000|
|GDP growth rate||8.40%|
|GDP per capita||4,700 USD|
|GDP by sector|
|Proportion of the population below the national poverty line||28.5%|
|Distribution of household income|
|Industrial production growth rate||-0.50%|
|Investment volume||36.8% of GDP|
|National debt||71.80% of GDP|
|Foreign exchange reserves||$ 7,345,000,000|