According to biotionary.com, changed economic structures in the course of globalization lead to contradictions, as can be seen from the debate about the role and future of the nation state. The thesis that the nation-state is outdated is based on, among other things. on the reduced access of the state to profits and vagabond investment capital of the multinational corporations. At the same time, the nation state is required to mitigate the effects of globalization, starting with measures to secure the location, strengthening the regional economic structure through targeted promotional measures, through subsidies, to openly protectionist behavior. There is a line of conflict between the nationally organized social security systems and an increasingly global economic structure. when the escape from the rising social burdens becomes the main motive for companies and job cuts are intended at the business location. This creates a gap between the legally and demographically determined social burdens on the one hand and the reduced sources of contributions on the other hand, which can overwhelm the state resources and thus provoke social conflicts.
The reaction of those negatively affected by political globalization (especially in Africa and Latin America) is neglected in the globalization discussion, although this aspect is important for the security of western industrialized countries and the world. Because with the domination of the world organizations, the development and deployment of world-dominating military potentials and their deployment, the West is continuing the globalization of its security policy that was already practiced during the Cold War and intensified after its victorious end. Its dominance is reflected in the composition of the world’s leading institutions (World Security Council [ United Nations ], G 8 [ World Economic Summit ], WTO, IMF [ International Monetary Fund ], World Bank), in which the numerical preponderance of developing countries has a far smaller influence. Societies are completely neglected because only the governments are represented in these institutions. The economic dominance of the West is flanked by the political one. The globalization of Western security policy is led by the USA, which is stationing troops in numerous countries and has built up a unilaterally controlled network of security-relevant cooperation agreements through bilateral agreements with the world trading states. Their world leadership concept (National Security Strategy) claims the top position among the military powers, which must be defended by force if necessary, and the right to preventive and preemptive use of force at their own discretion. The USA influences conflict situations and determines the global political agenda (fight against terrorism, democratization). They are supported in this by the NATO led by them, which created a globally applicable instrument with the decision to set up a reaction force (Prague summit conference 2002). The European Union entrusts its security policy to international organizations, a norm-based world order and multilateralism, but in accordance with the “European security strategy” also sees the “first line of defense often being abroad”.
Attitudes in societies affected by political globalization are a source of the greatest security threat to western industrialized countries and the world: terrorism. He moves at the center of “globalization from below”, uses its technological and communicative techniques, but turns them against the western industrialized countries and the local political elites that cooperate with them (global problems). The “asymmetrical wars” that have characterized the international system since 2001 between international terrorism and the governments of the western industrialized countries are also rooted in religious differences, but are primarily a result of the globalization of western security policy. Like globalization in the economic field, it has significantly promoted the structural change in the world of states towards the world of society, which can no longer be adequately captured by the categories of the world of states. The transformation from national to global security requires a change in strategy that requires awareness of the changed threat situation. As long as it is faded out, as is the case in the globalization debate, and / or outsourced to an intercultural conflict.