As of 2013, Hungary had a population of 9,937,628 inhabitants. This population was composed of Hungarians (89.9%), with the remaining 10.1% made up of Roma, Germans, Slovaks, Romanians and other minorities. The vast majority of Hungarians (81%) lived in urban areas while the rest were in rural areas. The capital city Budapest was the largest city with 1.7 million people followed by Debrecen with 206,000 people and Szeged with 161,000 people. See Countryaah for more countries that also start with H.
The age structure of Hungary’s population was divided into two parts: 0-14 years old and 15-64 years old. In 2013, those aged 0-14 made up 17% of the population while those aged 15-64 made up 68%. This meant that those over 65 years old accounted for 15% of the total population which was an increase from 13% in 2007 due to increased life expectancy and a decrease in fertility rates since the early 1990s. In terms of gender distribution, males outnumbered females at 50% to 48%. The median age for male citizens was 40 compared to 42 for females in 2013 and it is projected that this will remain relatively stable through 2020.
The fertility rate in Hungary has been declining since its peak in 1989 at 2 births per woman to 1.44 births per woman in 2013 which is well below the replacement level rate of 2.1 births per woman needed to maintain a stable population size over time without migration or other factors affecting it. The mortality rate has also declined significantly since 1989 due to improved healthcare systems as well as an increase in life expectancy from 71 years in 1989 to 76 years by 2013 for both males and females alike.
Hungary. The year was marked by political and ideological struggles between the right-wing government and right-wing extremist forces, on the one hand, and a liberal opposition on the other. See clothesbliss.com for how to get to Hungary.
One of the founders of the Hungarian Citizens Union (Fidesz) government party and friend of Prime Minister Viktor Orbán described in a newspaper article in January Roma as “animal”. The statement disgusted the opposition, urging the ruling party to exclude the journalist.
In a small town in eastern Hungary, the mayor decided to name a street after World War II’s Hungarian leader Miklós Horthy, allied with Adolf Hitler and co-responsible for the deportations of Jews to the concentration camps. It aroused strong reactions among Hungarian Jews.
At a football match in the spring, attacks on Jews occurred both physically and verbally, among other things called “Sieg Heil”. The right-wing party Jobbik held a demonstration in conjunction with the Jewish World Congress conference in Budapest, and Prime Minister Orbán received criticism from Jewish leaders for being apologetic to the right-wing extremists. Among other things, a statue of Raoul Wallenberg had been vandalized.
According to Countryaah, the government’s plans to change the constitution met resistance both within and outside Hungary. The EU expressed concern over a development that limited democracy and freedom of expression, and in Budapest widespread protests led by the opposition. One turned, among other things. against weakening the powers of the Constitutional Court and the President and giving the government the opportunity to enact laws that had previously been rejected. The government’s broad majority of over two-thirds of Parliament’s mandate was enough to approve the controversial legislative changes in March. Major protests followed in Budapest.
In the same month, Finance Minister György Matolscy, with close ties to Prime Minister Orbán, was appointed new head of the central bank. Shortly thereafter, one of the bank’s deputy managers resigned in protest against the appointment and the government’s influence over the bank.
The government was also accused of corruption when a licensing system was introduced for the sale of cigarettes and tobacco. Stores were no longer allowed to sell the goods, and the government was accused of distributing the licenses to their own sympathizers. Information on how the tendering process was initiated was strangled by a new law that restricted the right to public information from authorities and courts.
When the EU threatened with sanctions against Hungary, the government declared that it would change the criticized new parts of the Constitution. In July, however, Prime Minister Orbán defended the disputed constitutional amendments before a critical EU parliament, where many felt that the Hungarian government’s decision threatened freedom of expression and human rights.
In June, a 98-year-old former police chief was charged with organizing the deportation of over 15,000 Jews to the concentration camp in Auschwitz. The man was never investigated when he died a few months after the prosecution.
In August, the verdict fell in a well-publicized case in which three men were charged with the murder of six Roma in 2008 and 2009. The brutal killings had provoked disgust within and outside Hungary, and the police had been accused of failing to protect minorities adequately. The three men were sentenced to life imprisonment and an aide to 13 years. According to a human rights center, about 60 cases of hate crimes against Roma were reported in 2008-12.
In October, Parliament passed a law allowing municipalities to prohibit people from sleeping outdoors. Violations of the prohibition can be punished by community service, fines or imprisonment. The law was justified by the need to safeguard the general order.
- According to AbbreviationFinder.org, Budapest is the capital city of Hungary. See acronyms and abbreviations related to this capital and other major cities within this country.
School management resigns in protest
The management of the SZFE Theater and Film Academy in Budapest is resigning in protest against a new arrangement which means that the school is subordinated to a private foundation, whose director is not only the director of the National Theater but also one of Prime Minister Orbán’s confidants. The department is a small elite university founded 155 years ago. The students start a protest action and barricade themselves in the school. The department is the seventh university to be transferred to private foundations with boards hand-picked by the Orbán government.
Foreign Minister in windy weather
A tiring day at the office or a holiday on a luxury hunt? Foreign Minister Péter Szijjártó is facing resignation demands after he was photographed on a luxury hunt in Croatia at the same time as he himself gave the impression of working hard in contacts with other EU countries about the situation in Belarus. The news site Atlatszo states that the hunt belongs to the construction magnate László Szíjj, one of Hungary’s most wealthy people, who, among other things, won a number of government contracts. As far as the holiday is concerned, Prime Minister Orbán has called on his countrymen to return home, and neighboring Austria has explicitly warned of rising coronation in Croatia.
The opposition agrees with Orbán
The six largest opposition parties have stated that they have formed an alliance that will challenge Prime Minister Orbán in the next parliamentary elections in 2022. In all 106 constituencies, they will agree behind common candidates. The alliance consists of parties from right to left. In the recent local elections, the opposition parties made partial use of this kind of cooperation, and this led to them winning in Budapest and several other cities (see 13 October 2019).
Bulk purchase of military equipment from the USA
12th of August
Hungary will buy US fighter jets worth $ 1 billion. A letter of intent has been signed and the deal with the manufacturer Raytheon is described as NATO’s Hungary’s largest purchase of military equipment from the United States to date. Hungary for what Prime Minister Orbán calls a pragmatic foreign policy: the goal is good relations with Russia and China as well. Chinese Huawei is allowed to build Hungary’s 5G network, despite opposition from the United States and several other NATO countries.