Jordan. In the recent January 23 election to the newly enlarged parliament, most of the 150 seats went to government-friendly candidates. Parliament had been given increased powers in 2012 and now decided in many day-to-day affairs, but not foreign and security policy – those issues were still in King Abdullah’s hands. The country’s largest opposition party, the Islamic Action Front (IAF), boycotted the election because it considered reforms to be inadequate and the most favored rural areas where support for the royal house was greatest. After the election, the incumbent Prime Minister Abdullah Ensour formed a new government. See handbagpicks.com for Jordan tour plan.
|Land area||89,342 km²|
|Residents per km²||121.1|
|Income per capita||$ 9,200|
|ISO 3166 code||JO|
|Time zone UTC||+ 2|
|Geographic coordinates||31 00 N, 36 00 O|
According to Countryaah, Jordan received a large number of refugees from Syria’s war, for a long period of a thousand people a day. Many ended up in the large Zaatari refugee camp near the border, which in one year grew from nothing to become Jordan’s fourth largest city with at least 120,000 residents in July. There were schools, roads and shops, but also growing problems with gang crime and prostitution. Elsewhere in the country, there were at least another 400,000 Syrian refugees.
Area and population. – Following the occupation by Israel, in 1967, of Jerusalem and the West Bank, Jordan has returned to its most authentic but also poorer territorial dimension. Today it occupies an entirely trans-Jordanian region, which penetrates deeply into the desert to the south and south-east, while to the south-west it overlooks the Gulf of ‛Aqaba with the homonymous port which is the only precious outlet to the sea. Therefore, from the 96,622 km 2, which represented its territorial surface in the aftermath of the Arab-Israeli war of 1948, it is necessary to subtract the 5642 km 2of the districts of Nābulus, el-Quds and Hebron, currently occupied by the Israeli armed forces. If the 81,048 km 2 completely deserted are added to these, it is very clear that currently the real surface available for the Jordanian people is that equal to approximately 1/9 of the territorial one.
From 1958 to today, the Jordanian population has continued to grow at a high rate, reaching a figure (2,616,299 residents) Which appears clearly disproportionate to the actual possibilities of the country; the number of immigrants represented by Palestinian refugees is also considerable. Excluding desert areas, therefore, it can be calculated that the average density exceeds 120 residents per km2, registering a rather high value.
The urbanization process, already underway in the decade 1950-60, continues to affect in practice only the capital ‛Ammān, whose population, estimated in 1971 around 520,000 residents, has doubled in less than a decade thanks to the Palestinian immigrants, often still housed in refugee camps.
- According to AbbreviationFinder.org, Amman is the capital city of Jordan. See acronyms and abbreviations related to this capital and other major cities within this country.
Economy. – Due to the recent war events, Jordan has lost precisely the most fertile territories, and this has made the economic situation, already serious in itself, even more precarious. Agriculture, and in particular cereal growing, however, remains the basis of the country’s economy but, despite the considerable efforts for a greater diffusion of irrigated crops through the use of the waters of the Yarmuk, it still remains backward; very widespread is nomadic farming (sheep, goats, cattle, camels). Mineral resources are scarce; the main wealth of the country is represented by the phosphates of al-Hasā, eṣ-Ṣalt and er-Ruseifa (913,000 t in 1970) and potassium salts (14,000 t in 1970) extracted from the Dead Sea. In the southern part of the country the presence of oil has been reported. The discovery of copper deposits in Wādī ‛Araba is also recent. The energy is completely of thermal origin, with production, in 1970, of 165 million kWh. Jordanian industries, apart from an oil refinery in Zarqā, are modest in size (breweries, cement factories, tobacco factories).
The communication routes are insufficient: a 366 km railway line connects Der‛ā to ‛Ammān, Ma‛ān, Naǵb el-Ashtor and the port of‛ Aqaba.
The only airport is the international airport of ‛Ammān. Jordan has today a seriously deficit trade balance and the weight of its imports is equal to about six times that of its exports.