Marshall Islands. According to Countryaah, severe drought caused the authorities in the Marshall Islands to impose disaster conditions on the northern islands and atolls in April. It rains less in the north than in the other parts of the island nation, and lack of rain causes the drinking water to run out as about 90% of the fresh water in the country comes from rain. In addition to lowering freshwater reserves, salt levels in the water taken from wells increased.
The US State Department warned in June that the Marshall Islands have become a target for sex trafficking and put the country on an international watch list. According to the US Foreign Ministry’s report, the country had become a target for women from East Asia who are subjected to trafficking. The United States said that the Marshall Islands government had done nothing to prevent trafficking or to help victims, and now called on the government to take action. The Marshall Islands government responded a few days later that the US data was “completely baseless”.
In early September, leaders of 14 Pacific countries met at Majuro Atoll in the Marshall Islands to discuss climate issues. The country’s representatives signed the Majuro Declaration, taking on leadership on climate issues, but also demanding urgent action by the rest of the world to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and slow down climate change.
At the end of the month, Marshall Islands President Christopher Loeak presented the Mayor Declaration, also signed by Australia and New Zealand, to UN Secretary-General Ban Ki Moon. The Pacific nations want to get an international legally binding climate agreement through the UN until 2015. They have also previously, in vain, demanded binding climate agreement.