In 2013, the population of Oman was estimated to be 4,424,762 people. It is a relatively young population with around 44% of the total population under the age of 15. The median age was estimated to be 28.1 years old in 2013. The majority of Oman’s population is concentrated in its urban areas, with 66% living in cities and towns across the country. Muscat is the largest city and capital of Oman, followed by Salalah, Sohar and Nizwa. The majority of Oman’s population are ethnic Arabs, although there are also significant populations from South Asia and East Africa who have immigrated to Oman over recent decades for work opportunities. Additionally, there is a small group of expatriates from other countries who live in Oman and contribute to its diversity. See Countryaah for more countries that also start with O.
The literacy rate among adults over 15 years old was estimated at 92% in 2013 with a gender gap favoring males slightly (93% for males compared to 91% for females). In terms of religion, 94% of the population identifies as Muslim while 6% identify as non-Muslim including Christians, Hindus and Buddhists. Health care facilities have improved significantly over recent decades with increased access to health care services across all regions in the country and improved infrastructure such as hospitals and clinics. The life expectancy at birth was estimated to be 76 years old in 2013 which is higher than many other countries in the region due to improved access to health care services and better nutrition levels among the population.
Oman. According to Countryaah, about 450 undocumented immigrants were arrested on January 29 when the police made a broad strike against migrants from different countries. According to official figures, a total of 3,400 paperless people had been arrested in 2012.
Oman’s biggest English-language newspaper, The Week, was forced to close on September 3 after the previous week publishing an article about gay life in the country. Homosexuality is illegal in Oman and subject to up to three years in prison, but according to the article, the tolerance for homosexuals is still high in Oman compared to neighboring countries.
Ornithologists found in October a hitherto unknown owl species in an inaccessible valley. Probably it is a relative of the cat owl but with a different smile.
In July 2007, the government adopted a number of initiatives aimed at strengthening women’s participation in the elections. The initiatives were to get women to stand and vote at the October Consultative Assembly elections.
In February 2010, Oman introduced legislation that allowed the creation of trade unions. There are 70 different unions. However, strikes under any form and agreement remain prohibited. 80% of skilled workers are from Pakistan, Bangladesh, India, Sri Lanka or the Philippines. See cellphoneexplorer.com for Oman economy.
Britain’s Queen Elisabeth II visited the country in 2010 on the occasion of National Day.
In January 2011, the “Arab Spring” spread to Oman. Demonstrations were conducted against the high cost of living, unemployment, corruption and demanding the dismissal of several of the country’s ministers. After the Egyptian dictator Mubarak was deposed in mid-February, Sultan Qaboos sought to curb protests by addressing protesters on a number of points: the minimum wage was raised, support for unemployed was increased, a number of ministers were dismissed, and at the same time the sultan promised to create 50,000 new jobs. It did not stop the protests that were developing violently. On February 27, a demonstrator was killed and dozens injured as police opened fire on thousands of protesters in Sohar. During March, the protests spread, and the Sultan fired several ministers and amended the constitution so that the Shura Council was given a number of legislative powers. In October, there was a new election for the Shura and for the first time the delegates elected a chairman of the council. In parallel with limited reforms, arrests and prosecution of oppositionists continued in the country. At the same time, the country got along withBahrain share in the $ 20 billion The US $ auxiliary package Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) had designed to curb the uprising against the Gulf dictatorships. The dictatorship succeeded in curbing dissatisfaction through increased public spending. In the following years, these were 70% higher than in 2010.
In 2012, authorities began cracking down on Internet users who criticized the government or the sultan. The first ones went to court in September 2012 for coming up with “cheeky and provocative” criticism of the government online. Six users were sentenced to 12-18 months in prison and fined about US $ 2,500 each. In total, 30 human rights activists and system critics received prison sentences in 2012 and were registered as prisoners of conscience. Neither the US nor the EU criticizes the lack of democracy or the serious human rights violations in the country. In addition, the country is too important a market, and in terms of dealing with prisoners and detainees, its methods are no different from those used for example. US and UK apply.
Authorities use a variety of torture methods: trial-execution, bullshit, head-butting, isolation, exposure to extreme temperatures or constant noise, abuse and humiliation. There was evidence that torture became more widespread after the Arab Spring broke through in North Africa in 2011. Freedom of speech is severely restricted in the country. Protests are therefore often written on the side of donkeys trampling around. Police officers cannot maintain their dignity if they are to run around and catch donkeys so they are allowed to go.
In August 2014, the authorities let the founder of the Mowatin Citizen website, Mohammed Alfazari, disappear after he entered a police station. In July 2015, Al Fazari went into exile in the United Kingdom, seeking political asylum after Oman’s authorities for eight months had banned him from leaving the country and confiscated his ID papers.