The 1,800-kilometer-long and 1,000-kilometer-wide archipelago of the Philippines includes more than 7,000 islands, atolls and islets. A thousand years ago, a lively trade flow began through the Philippines as Chinese, Indian, and Arab merchants each in turn expanded their influence in the Pacific.
In 1521, Ferdinand de Magalhães arrived on the green islands of paradise and declared the area he had discovered Spanish property, and named the islands after Philip, the heir to the motherland. With this, the Roman Catholic Church and the Spanish language settled permanently on the islands.
The hospitality of the inhabitants of the lush paradise islands, the delicious local cuisine with fresh seafood and the colorful culture will become familiar on the way to the Philippines.
Philippines. The credit rating agency Fitch raised its credit rating for the Philippines in March so that the country for the first time received a so-called investment grade and no longer had debris status. According to Countryaah, the background was increased financial stability, ongoing reform work and growth that was at the top of the region. The new credit rating was expected to result in lower borrowing costs and attract new investors.
In May, midterm elections were held. More than 60 people were killed in violence during the election movement. President Benigno Aquino himself called the elections a referendum on his attempt to reform the political system and the underperforming economy. Aquino was very popular halfway into his six-year presidential term. An alliance led by his Liberal party also became the largest in the House of Representatives by a wide margin and gained a majority in the Senate. Former President Joseph Estrada, who was deposed in a popular uprising in 2001, was elected mayor of the capital Manila. Gloria Arroyo, also former president, was re-elected as a member of the House of Representatives, despite being detained on suspicion of corruption. Imelda Marcos, widow of the dictator Ferdinand Marcos, was also allowed to retain his place in the House of Representatives.
The diplomatic relations with Taiwan were disturbed after a Taiwanese fisherman was shot dead by the Coast Guard in May in water claimed by both countries. When the Philippines claimed that it was done in self-defense, Taiwan withdrew diplomatic representation and imposed financial sanctions. Relations were normalized only three months later, when the Philippines made a formal apology, promised compensation to the fisherman’s relatives and promised to prosecute eight Coast Guard employees.
The government was reported in July to have reached an agreement with the MILF (Moro’s Islamic Liberation Front), the largest Muslim rebel group in the country, to divide revenue from natural resources on the island of Mindanao so that the MILF would gain 75% from the extraction of, among other things. gold and copper. The settlement was part of the peace talks that started in 2012. Remaining to be resolved were questions of disarmament and how far the promised autonomy in a Muslim region in the south would go.
In September, rebels from the smaller Muslim rebel group MNLF (Moro’s National Liberation Front) attacked residential areas in the million city of Zamboanga and took close to 200 residents hostage. For a couple of weeks, battles were fought that led to over 200 being killed, thousands of houses set on fire and at least 100,000 people driven from their homes. Eventually, the hostage was released or released and close to 300 rebels gave up.
A tropical cyclone with the highest wind speeds ever measured over land hit the Philippines in November. The typhoon Haiyan, or Yolanda, swept across the middle of the country, causing a humanitarian disaster. Villages and cities were destroyed and millions of people destroyed or destroyed their homes. After a month, 6,000 people had been found dead and many were still missing. Tacloban, the provincial capital of Leyte, was particularly hard hit.
Area: 300,000 km2 (world rank: 72)
Population density: 350 per km2 (as of 2017, world rank: 13)
Official languages: Filipino
Gross domestic product: 313.6 billion US $; Real growth: 6.7%
Gross national product (GNP, per resident and year): 3660 US$
Currency: 1 Philippines. Peso (p) = 100 Centavos
Kurfürstendamm 194, 10707 Berlin
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Head of State and Government: Rodrigo DuterteLeni Robredo, Outside: Alan Peter Cayetano
National Day: 12.6. (Independence proclamation 1898)
16 regions, autonomous region Muslim Mindanao
State and form of government
Constitution of 1987
Parliament (Congress): House of Representatives (Kapulungan ng mga Kinatawan) with a maximum of 297 members (238 directly, the rest elected via party lists), election all 3 years; Senate (Senado) with 24 members elected for 6 years, partial election every 3 years
Direct election of the head of state every 6 years (no re-election)
Suffrage from 18 years
Population: Filipinos, last census 2015: 100,981,437 residents 2007: 40% Young Malay (Bisayas, Tagalen, Bicol, Ilokano), 30% Indonesian and Polynesian, 10% Old Malay (Igoroten, etc.) and Negritos (Aëta), 10% Chinese, 5% Indian
Cities (with population): Cotabato City as of 2015 : 299,438 residents.
Religions: 80% Catholics, 6% Muslims, 3% Iglesia ni Cristo, 2% Evangelicals; indigenous religions, Buddhists and Hindus (as of 2006)
Languages: 55% Filipino, 28% Tagalog, 24% Cebuano, 10% Ilocano, 9% Panay-Hiligaynon, 6% Bicol and others (total 988 languages); approx. 3% Spanish and Chinese; Englishworkers by economic sectoragriculture. 26%, industry 18%, business 56% (2017)Unemployment (in% of all labor force)2017: 2.4%inflation rate (in%)2017: 3.2%foreign tradeImport: 98.5 billion US $ (2017); Export: 63.2 billion US $ (2017)