Sudan, Texas

Sudan, Texas

According to Printer Hall, Sudan, Texas is a small rural town located in the Texas Panhandle. It is situated on the edge of the Llano Estacado, an extensive flat plain characterized by dry weather and sandy soils. The climate in Sudan is semi-arid with hot summers and mild winters. The average temperature ranges from 70 to 90 degrees Fahrenheit throughout the year.

The history of Sudan dates back to the early 1900s when it was founded as a railroad stop along the Santa Fe Railway. Since then, Sudan has been home to a variety of businesses and industries, including cotton farming, oil production, and ranching. The town has also become known for its strong sense of community and friendly spirit.

Politically, Sudan is part of Lamb County and is governed by a mayor-council form of government. It has three city council members who are elected by citizens every two years and serve four-year terms. The mayor serves a four-year term as well and is responsible for leading the city’s government affairs.

The economy in Sudan is largely driven by agriculture, as well as oil production and ranching. Cotton farming has long been an important industry for the area; however, more recently it has shifted towards other crops such as corn, sorghum, wheat, hay, onions, melons and other vegetables due to changing agricultural markets in the region. Oil production also plays an important role in Sudan’s economy; much of this comes from local wells that are drilled in Lamb County each year.

Sudan offers several public schools including two elementary schools (Sudan Elementary School & Littlefield Elementary School), one middle school (Littlefield Junior High School) and one high school (Littlefield High School). All four schools are part of the Littlefield Independent School District which serves students from kindergarten through grade 12 within Lamb County.

The most famous landmark in Sudan is undoubtedly its iconic water tower which stands tall over Main Street with its distinctive red paint job making it easily recognizable from miles away! Other notable landmarks include City Park which features several picnic tables where families can come together for barbecues or just spend time outdoors enjoying some fresh air; there’s also a playground for kids to enjoy here too!

Sudan, Texas

Population: 1,039. Estimated population in July 2020: 1,040 (+0.1% change)
Males: 472 (45.4%), Females: 567 (54.6%)

Lamb County

Zip code: 79371

Median resident age: 38.4 years
Median household income: $31,736
Median house value: $34,300

Races in Sudan:

  • White Non-Hispanic (63.1%)
  • Hispanic (29.9%)
  • Other race (18.9%)
  • Black (5.4%)
  • Two or more races (1.4%)
  • American Indian (0.8%)

(Total can be greater than 100% because Hispanics could be counted in other races)

Ancestries: United States (9.2%), German (8.8%), Irish (8.0%), English (6.8%), Dutch (2.9%), French (1.8%).

Elevation: 3755 feet

Land area: 0.9 square miles


Sudan, Texas is a small rural town located in Lamb County. The population of Sudan, Texas was recorded at 1,958 according to the 2019 United States Census. The majority of the population is made up of white Americans (77.1%) followed by Hispanic or Latino (20.2%), African American (0.7%), Asian (0.5%), and Native American (0.3%). The median age of the population is 35 years old, with a gender ratio of 53% male to 47% female.

The median household income in Sudan, Texas is $36,926 with 19% of the population living below the poverty line. The primary industries that employ people in Sudan are agriculture and oil and gas production, as well as some manufacturing jobs in local factories and businesses. Education levels are lower than average in Sudan; only 18% have a Bachelor’s degree or higher compared to 30% nationally. Most people rely on public transportation due to lack of access to cars or other forms of transportation; however, there are two local airports near Sudan for those who wish to travel further distances by air.

For population 25 years and over in Sudan

  • High school or higher: 64.9%
  • Bachelor’s degree or higher: 14.0%
  • Graduate or professional degree: 4.6%
  • Unemployed: 4.3%
  • Mean travel time to work: 18.9 minutes

For population 15 years and over in Sudan city

  • Never married: 19.9%
  • Now married: 60.5%
  • Separated: 1.1%
  • Widowed: 11.5%
  • Divorced: 6.9%

8.0% Foreign born (7.8% Latin America).

Population change in the 1990s: +60 (+6.1%).


Hospitals/medical centers near Sudan:

  • MULESHOE AREA MED CTR (about 21 miles; MULESHOE, TX)


Airports certified for carrier operations nearest to Sudan:

  • LUBBOCK INTL (about 57 miles; LUBBOCK, TX; Abbreviation: LBB)
  • CANNON AFB (about 59 miles; CLOVIS, NM; Abbreviation: CVS)
  • AMARILLO INTL (about 98 miles; AMARILLO, TX; Abbreviation: AMA)

Other public-use airports nearest to Sudan:

  • MULESHOE MUNICIPAL (about 12 miles; MULESHOE, TX; Abbreviation: 2T1)
  • LITTLEFIELD MUNICIPAL (about 15 miles; LITTLEFIELD, TX; Abbreviation: Q00)
  • COCHRAN COUNTY (about 28 miles; MORTON, TX; Abbreviation: F85)

Colleges and Universities

Colleges/universities with over 2000 students nearest to Sudan:

  • SOUTH PLAINS COLLEGE (about 33 miles; LEVELLAND, TX; Full-time enrollment: 3,851)
  • WAYLAND BAPTIST UNIVERSITY (about 56 miles; PLAINVIEW, TX; Full-time enrollment: 2,578)
  • EASTERN NEW MEXICO UNIVERSITY-MAIN CAMPUS (about 57 miles; PORTALES, NM; Full-time enrollment: 2,955)
  • TEXAS TECH UNIVERSITY (about 58 miles; LUBBOCK, TX; Full-time enrollment: 22,439)
  • WEST TEXAS A & M UNIVERSITY (about 76 miles; CANYON, TX; Full-time enrollment: 5,476)
  • AMARILLO COLLEGE (about 89 miles; AMARILLO, TX; Full-time enrollment: 4,876)
  • MIDLAND COLLEGE (about 144 miles; MIDLAND, TX; Full-time enrollment: 2,800)


Public high schools in Sudan:

  • SUDAN H S (Students: 145; Location: HWY 303; Grades: 08 – 12)
  • P E P ALTER (Students: 5; Location: HWY 303; Grades: 09 – 12)

Public primary/middle school in Sudan:

  • SUDAN EL (Students: 209; Location: HWY 303; Grades: KG – 07)