El Salvador. The ceasefire between El Salvador’s largest crime leagues, M18 and Mara Salvatrucha, which was closed in March 2012, seemed largely to hold during the year. For example, the number of homicides in the country fell by 18%. However, a certain increase in the violence was noted in July and August, and Justice Minister Ricardo Perdomo attributed it to purges in the gang, among other things. within M18 where a faction did not accept the cease-fire. In September, police conducted a raid on the league in the capital San Salvador and some of its suburbs, leading to the arrest of 90 people.
According to Countryaah, Venezuela’s new president Nicolás Maduro in March accused El Salvador’s right-wing opposition party ARENA (Alianza Republicana Nacionalista) of being involved in a murder plot against him. Similar accusations had been made by him before, i.e. against a couple of US diplomats, but El Salvador President Mauricio Funes said he considered Maduro to be a credible person and that it could thus lie somewhat in the allegations. Representatives of ARENA, in turn, argued that there were simply lies on Maduro’s side to bolster his opinion in Venezuela, and that Funes had his own domestic policy goals and used Maduro’s statement to discredit ARENA for the March 2014 elections.
El Salvador – San Salvador
San Salvador, capital of El Salvador; 561,400 residents (2012), including suburbs 2 million residents. San Salvador, located on the San Salvador volcano about 60 km from the Pacific coast, is an industrial, financial and commercial center with several universities. The city has road links with neighboring countries and Pacific ports as well as the international airport, Comalapa.
San Salvador, founded in the 1520s by Pedro de Alvarado, became the capital of the Central American Union in 1834 and in 1839 in El Salvador. The city was hit by severe earthquakes in 1854, 1873, 1917 and 1919. Throughout the 1980s, San Salvador was characterized by the civil war that reached the central parts of the city in the late 1989-90. After the end of the war in 1992, San Salvador has been hit by sharply increasing crime.