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Israel

Yearbook 2013

2013 IsraelIsrael. Ahead of the January 22 parliamentary elections, incumbent Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and his Conservative Party Likud had entered into an election alliance with his Conservative government partner Yisrael Beiteinu. The alliance lost big, but still became the strongest individual force in Parliament with 31 of its 120 seats and was able to form government together with two liberal and secular parties, the new Yesh Atid (There is a future) and the small but established Hatnuah (Movement), as well as the ultra-nationalist Beit Yehudi (home of the Jews). Together, the five government parties controlled 71 seats.

2013 Israel

The settlements continued to divide the country. According to Countryaah, the Israeli peace organization Peace Now reported that during the first three months of the year, 865 new settler homes had begun to be built, which was more than during the corresponding period of the past seven years. In May and August, the government gave a clear sign for the construction of another 1,500 new housing for Jews on the West Bank and in East Jerusalem. But when housing minister Uri Ariel from Beit Yehudi suddenly presented plans for 22,000 new settlers in November, Netanyahu halted protests from the United States, the EU and the Palestinians. The settlements were in breach of international law and such an offensive expansion was considered too challenging (see also Palestine).

Israeli military was involved in several incidents at and outside the country's tense borders. An unmanned drone suspected of belonging to the Iran-backed Hizbullah militia in Lebanon was shot down April 25 off Israel's northern coast. On several occasions - in January, May, July and November - Israeli attack aircraft also attacked targets inside Syria. According to analysts, the targets were either weapons on their way to Hizbullah or a plant for the development of chemical and biological weapons near Damascus. A base belonging to the PFLP-GC militia group south of Beirut in Lebanon was also reported to have been bombed on 23 August. In June, Israel also attacked targets in the Gaza Strip, following the firing of southern Israel.

US President Barack Obama visited Israel on March 20-21, giving a strong speech to Israeli students in a two-state solution (see also Palestine). Obama urged Netanyahu to call his Turkish counterpart Recep Tayyip Erdoğan and apologize for the Israeli commando attack on a Turkish vessel en route to Gaza in 2010 had caused the deaths of nine Turkish activists. Erdoğan accepted the apology and said that relations with Israel would be normalized.

Nationalist politician Avigdor Lieberman, who was forced to resign as Foreign Minister in 2012 on charges of corruption, re-entered his post in November after a court acquitted him.

After extensive international criticism in April, the Israeli military announced that it would dispose of its stock of white phosphorus, a chemical used in fire bombs, among others. during the offensive in the Gaza Strip 2008-09.

The role of the United States

From the outset, the United States proved to be a very active participant in the war. After a few days, it became clear to the world community that Israel's daily killing of dozens of Lebanese civilians and violent aerial bombardment of the country's civilian infrastructure was completely out of proportion to the alleged cause: the arrest of 2 Israeli soldiers. On July 14, Qatar sought to intervene in the UN Security Council and adopt a resolution. This was blocked by the US declaring that "Israel has the right to defend itself". On July 17, UN Secretary General Kofi Annan and British Prime Minister Tony Blair suggested that the UN send a larger force into southern Lebanon, but this was unanimously rejected by the United States and Israel, which referred to Israel first crushing Hezbollah.

On 19 July, the international humanitarian organizations, that it was not managed to get guarantees from Israel that the war power not to attack emergency transports. UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan's urgent ceasefire appeal was rejected on July 20 by both Israel and the United States. Super Power United Nations Ambassador John Bolton declared: "We'll stay on until we're done."

US Secretary of State Condoleeza Rice revealed the neoconservative agenda on July 22 when she declared, "It may be a bit of a hard birth, but a new Middle East is being born these days." The United States wanted the power structures in the region changed for its own benefit through war, and a ceasefire would be directly destructive to such a plan.

At a peace conference in Rome, on July 26, the United States - across the world, with the exception of Israel, Denmark and the United Kingdom - succeeded in preventing a ceasefire.

John Bolton prevented the UN Security Council on July 27 from passing a resolution condemning Israel for its killing of 4 UN observers 2 days earlier. After two days of negotiations, China's draft was cut down to the UN pronouncing "shock" over the killings. It has never happened in the history of the World Organization that a member state has blocked criticizing the killings of UN staff. Bolton at the same time prevented a claim being written into the text requiring the UN to participate in Israel's investigation into the killings. Israel welcomed the statement that de-facto stamped its targeted bombing of UN targets in southern Lebanon. Already on July 26, the country's Justice Minister Haim Ramon declared it considered all persons who had not left southern Lebanon to be members of Hezbollah. He also stated that the Rome Conference 26. July had "approved Israel's continuing operations in Lebanon". This powerful reinterpretation of the conference was immediately contradicted by both the German and British Foreign Ministers and by the EU President Finland, who declared that everyone - except the US - had demanded immediate ceasefire. Following the US blockade of a sharper UN opinion, China declared it would have a decisive negative impact on cooperation in the Security Council. A reference to the US attempts to use the UN in its diplomatic operations against North Korea and Iran. declaring that everyone - except the United States - had demanded immediate ceasefire. Following the US blockade of a sharper UN opinion, China declared it would have a decisive negative impact on cooperation in the Security Council. A reference to the US attempts to use the UN in its diplomatic operations against North Korea and Iran. declaring that everyone - except the United States - had demanded immediate ceasefire. Following the US blockade of a sharper UN opinion, China declared it would have a decisive negative impact on cooperation in the Security Council. A reference to the US attempts to use the UN in its diplomatic operations against North Korea and Iran.

Following a US veto against a UN Security Council resolution and several diluted statements, on August 3, the council resumed negotiations on a new resolution calling for a halt to the fighting. The work was hampered by the fact that Israel's prime minister had already stated before that Israel would not stop fighting until an international force of at least 15,000 men was deployed in southern Lebanon. Since its establishment in 1948, Israel has notoriously refused to follow UN resolutions or decisions in other international bodies.

While Israel claimed Hezbollah was funded by Syria and Iran, its own war was funded by the United States, which supports Israel with $ 3 billion. US $ annually. The weapons also originate from the United States, while weapon parts in the F-16 bombers originate from, among other things. Denmark. It was North American precision weapons Israel used on July 25 to kill 4 unarmed UN observers in their shelters in southern Lebanon. During the war, North American weapons supplies continued with even stronger and larger weapons. It happened despite world community protests. In London, on 27 July, the British Foreign Minister criticized the United States for using a British airport on July 26 as transit for the transport of more advanced weapons to Israel. Britain sharply criticized the superpower's supply of one party to the war with even more deadly weapons.

Only when the United States, after 3-4 weeks of war inwardly, reluctantly acknowledged that Israel was unable to crush Hezbollah militarily, did the superpower agree to a UN resolution that could halt the fighting without it and Israel losing too much face.

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