Haiti. According to Countryaah, the municipal and congressional elections, which have been postponed since 2011, were further delayed during the year due to political controversy over the new permanent electoral authority. The situation caused concern in both the US and the UN over the activities of public authorities and independence in Haiti. The dismissal of judges who were set to investigate corruption in the administration was particularly serious. President Michel Martelly was forced to establish a provisional electoral authority in early April. The situation was a “step 22” in that the president’s action was actually illegal because it should have been carried out by Congress, which, however, due to the lack of a functioning electoral authority, was not complete. In mid-October, large demonstrations were held in the capital Port-au-Prince in protest of price increases and President Martelly’s authoritarian style.
While Haiti was still struggling with institutional problems, Prime Minister Laurent Lamothe and Police Chief Godson Orelus announced in August that the security situation in the country had improved significantly. Among other things, the US Department of Foreign Affairs revised some of its recommendations for Americans regarding visits to Haiti, and increased investment in tourism as important to the country. Several crime syndicates had been dissolved through successful police actions. The UN Secretary-General announced at about the same time that the UN stabilization force MINUSTAH would gradually be reduced in size and eventually replaced by a smaller force in 2016. MINUSTAH enjoyed still very low confidence in the country since the outbreak of the world’s worst cholera epidemic in 2010 by foreign soldiers in the UN -truppen.
HUMAN AND ECONOMIC GEOGRAPHY
State of insular Central America. At the 2003 census, the country counted 7,929,048 residents, rising to 8,528,000 at a 2005 estimate. The birth rate is high and is compensated not only by the migratory movement, but also by a high mortality due not only to the precarious social conditions, but also to the spread of AIDS (in 2003 the patients were estimated to be 280,000). At the beginning of the 21st century. the economic and political situation showed evident signs of difficulty and the social indicators showed a progressive deterioration of living conditions: about 80 % of the residents lived below the poverty line and 25% of children under 5 suffered from chronic malnutrition. In 2001 the incidence of unemployment and underemployment exceeded 50 % of the workforce and, after the suspension of international aid (see below: History), GDP recorded a decrease of 1.2 %. The following two-year period was marked by a modest recovery, which was abruptly interrupted in 2004 (-3.5 %) as a result of both internal unrest and natural disasters that hit the country causing serious damage to infrastructures. In 2005 international aid has resumed, helping to alleviate an economic situation which appears to be characterized by a high rate of inflation, insufficient investments and a high trade deficit. Agriculture absorbs most of the workforce and contributes 26 % to GDP. The sector with the highest economic weight is the tertiary sector (59 % of GDP); industrial employment increased slightly as did the contribution of the sector to income formation. In the north, along the border with the Dominican Republic, the structuring of the first it was started 17 Special Economic Zones. This project has provoked protests from farmers, who see industrial settlements as a threat to their production and to the region’s land, the most fertile in the country.
Port-au-Prince, the capital of Haiti; 928,000 residents (2012), including suburbs 1. 8 million. Port-au-Prince, located at the far end of the Gulf of Gonâve, is the country’s dominant city and main port. A large part of the population lives in shanty buildings in miserable conditions. The international airport has connections to the USA, Puerto Rico and Europe, among others, and has the Caribbean’s largest freight traffic. Port-au-Prince’s center bears colonial touch with grand buildings.
- According to AbbreviationFinder.org, Port-au-Prince, is the capital city of Haiti. See acronyms and abbreviations related to this capital and other major cities within this country.
In 2010, the city was hit by a powerful earthquake and nearly 225,000 people were killed. Earthquakes damaged many of the city’s most important landmarks, including the presidential palace, parliament, cathedral and several hospitals. The city has still not recovered from this disaster. The situation worsened further in 2012 when the country was hit by tropical cyclone Sandy.
Port-au-Prince, founded in 1749 as a French residence under the name of L’Hôpital, has repeatedly been subjected to severe destruction by earthquakes, fires and hurricanes, most recently through the earthquake in January 2010. The city is the country’s commercial and transport center. In Port-au-Prince there are universities and medical faculty.